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Oats yield per acre UK

Corn Returns: Ex-farm prices and volumes AHD

  1. The combined total yield for barley sits at 7.0 tonnes per hectare for 2019, above the five year average of 6.2 tonnes per hectare. Oats . The planted area of oats increased by 6.1% to 182 thousand hectares. The UK yield increased by 19.9% to 6.0 tonnes per hectare and similarincreases were seen in England, Scotland and Northern Ireland
  2. The combined total yield for barley sits at 5.7 ton nes per hectare for 2018, below the five year average of 6.2 tonnes per hectare. Oats . The planted area of oats had the largest proportional increase of the major cereal crops rising by 7.8% to 174 thousand hectares. The UK yield decreased by 9.2% to 4.9 t onnes per hectare, caused by
  3. The combined total yield for barley sits at 5.7 tonnes per hectare for 2018, below the five year average of 6.2 tonnes per hectare. Oats The planted area of oats had the largest proportional increase of the major cereal crops rising by 6.3% to 171 thousand hectares. The UK yield decreased by 8.5% to 5.0 tonnes per hectare, caused by
  4. The Corn Returns are the longest running domestic price series for grains. The weekly survey shows the average ex-farm prices for wheat, barley and oats as well as the volume of grain traded. Each week on a Monday, data is published for the purchases made during the previous week (Friday to Thursday) and, under the AHDB Order (2008), it is mandatory for buyers of more than 1,000 tonnes of UK.
  5. The planted area of oats had the largest proportional increase of the major cereal crops rising by 14% to 161 thousand hectares. The yield for England decreased marginally, but this was offset by..

Harvest progress across Great Britain, reports and

Straw yields remain lower than recent years, affected by patchy crop areas and greener headlands. Harvest progress to WE06 October can be summarised as: Wheat - 100% complete. GB national yield estimated at 7.1 - 7.3t/ha. Winter barley - 100% complete. GB national yield estimated at 6.5 - 6.7t/ha This statistic shows the volume of harvested oat production in the United Kingdom (UK) from 2003 to 2019. $39 $59 per month und Defra. Volume of harvested oats production in the United. Table 2. Row Crop Realistic Yield Potential Crop Yield Units Realistic Yields/Acre Corn (grain) bushels 100-250 Corn (silage) wet tons 12-18 Cotton bales 1-3 Peanuts lbs 3,200 Rice bushels 144 -164 Sorghum (grain) bushels 80 - 140 Sorghum (silage) wet tons 12-18 Soybeans bushels 25-55 Sweet Potatoes cwt A 150-16 In the first chart, we have plotted cereal crops (wheat, barley and oats). Overall, we see that improvements in cereal yields from the 19th century into the first half of the 20th century were relatively slow- by the 1940s, yields were typically in the range of 2-2.5 tonnes per hectare. Productivity gains between the 1950s and 1990s was rapid.

Oats production volume UK 2003-2019 Statist

APPROX 69.30 ACRES Of STANDING SPRING OATS Located at Hookhouse Land, Nesley, Tetbury, Gloucestershire, GL8 8TY FOR SALE BY INFORMAL TENDER TENDER DEADLINE - 17th July 2020 AT 1.00PM Offers in Excess of £375 per acre Cost per tonne @ target yields* 112 118 114 116 125 110 122 WHEAT FEED BARLEY MALTING FEED OATS BARLEY Tonnes/acre Winter Spring Winter Spring Winter Spring 2.6 -113 -45 -80 -11 64 -35 -9 3.0 -59 9 -30 39 126 15 41 3.2 -32 36 -5 64 157 40 66 3.6 22 90 45 114 219 90 116. They typically yield around 20 - 25% lower than conventional husked oats, at 4 -5t/ha, but due to the premium market we can offer a significantly higher value contract at almost double that of husked oats. The crop is harvested in August in the South of England, and September further north Yields range from 60 to 80 US bushels per acre (5.2-7.0 m 3 /ha) on marginal land, to 100 to 150 US bushels per acre (8.7-13.1 m 3 /ha) on high-producing land. The average production is 100 bushels per acre, or 3.5 tonnes per hectare The statistical information listed In the tables below represent a crop-by-crop average yield of 47 foods (in pounds per acre), according to two different sources. If we calculate the average yield for all of these crops we find it to be 10,642 pounds per one acre of land. Therefore, the yield for 1/4 acre is 1/4 of that, or 2660 pounds

Crop Yields - Our World in Dat

of 1 to 2 lb per acre. Sensitive to overgrazing. Upright, bunchgrass similar in appearance to broomsedge (Andropogon virginicus). Slow to establish. Bromegrass, Smooth Bromus inermis hay, pasture 14 lb/bu 135,000 seeds/lb 15 to 20 lb 1/4 to 1/2 Bromegrass, Smooth Bromus inermis Primary: Aug 20 to Sep 20 Secondary: Feb 15 to Apr Wheat remains top of the crops in 2020 Gross Margins. Unsurprisingly the gross margin for winter milling wheat is once again one of the strongest at £737/ha, owing to good yields and firm prices. Current market conditions are offering a strong incentive to plant wheat for 2020/21

On Tuesday 13 October our expert market analysts recorded a live webinar presenting the annual market outlook. The session covered what to look out for in global and domestic grain and oilseed markets during 2020/21. Sign up for the latest news and insights on the UK, EU and world Cereals and Oilseeds markets straight to your inbox Spring-planted oat matures quite rapidly once the spring temperatures begin warming. Each acre of spring-planted oat should provide between 35 and 60 days of grazing for mature cattle. Growing animals (750 pounds) can be stocked at approximately 1.5 animals per acre for 60 days

As of today [August 5] about 20 per cent of spring barley is in and less than 10 per cent of wheat, he says. Spring barley yields are about seven to eight tonnes/hectare, nitrogens are below 1. As in other cereal crops, N response is tied to moisture. Higher moisture produces higher yield, to a point. For a 100 bushel per acre crop of oat, the crop requires 97 to 117 lbs of N per acre. However, not all of that N has to come from fertilizer. Research by Ramona Mohr and Cynthia Grant at AAFC Brandon, along with May's work at Indian.

Yields continue to steadily increase with a yield index of 143 compared to 1998. The average yield is 1.08 tonne/ac. Figure 2: Average oat yields (tonnes per acre) by year in Ontario. Yields continue to increase with a yield index of 130 compared to 1998 Oats sown at a rate of 1 to 1½ bushels (32-48 lbs.) per acre i a goosd companion crop for spring seedings. Use of a co is a gompanion crood p option where weeds may be conern. Mow and c a remove oatosot stage o at b graze lightly whr n e oats are 10 inches high. he bT oot sta ge i when s there is a lump in the stalk but the head has not ye

Total Cost per Acre $113.88 $116.56 $108.37 $105.46 $103.45 Total Cash Cost per Acre $32.20 $17.14 $17.14 $17.14 $17.14 * Total costs for each pasture system and hay have been calculated to include ownership costs of machinery and land (including a return on investment) as well as a charge for labor. In the case where machinery and land are. Cereal yield (kg per hectare) Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site. License : CC BY-4.0. Line Bar Map. Label. 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 Thousand 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0 World. 1961 - 2018 On a production per acre basis, oats is competitive with most annual forage crops in the northern Great Plains. Oats can be grazed when 6 to 8 inches tall. An oat crop will provide about 50 cow days of grazing per acre in dry climates and approximately 100 days in climates with more moisture. Grazing shoul

Forage and grain yields (Table 14.2) are tons of 65%-moisture forage per acre,and bushels of 12%-moisture grain per acre.Overall forage yields show hard wheat or oats yielded more forage than barley or soft wheat (P<.05). Yields in 1977 were less than in 1975 or 1976 (P<.01). Difference in variety yields were not consistent. For example, Kanb The yield of crude protein per acre for oats was 191.21 pounds, being exceeded only by soybeans with a yield of crude protein of 195.22 pounds. On the basis of the data given, corn was not an outstanding crop at the Crookston station, and rye was definitely lower in yielding ability than other small grain crops.. 50,000 seeds/acre Seed sold in one acre packs (50,000 seed units) SOWING INFORMATION Average dry matter yield 15-18 tonnes/ha Average fresh yield 80-100 tonnes/ha Dry matter 15-23% Crude protein 12-13% [mainly leaves] Digestibility value 78% Metabolisable energy 12.5-13 MJ/kg DM YIELD & FEED QUALITY £1452 per hectare Fresh weight £16 per. The total acreage of Spring Oats sown has increased in the last number of years, with on average 10,000 hectares of Spring Oats sown annually, yielding circa 7.3 t/ha. See tables below for year on year sowing rates and average yields. For high yields in Spring Barley growers should endavour to maximise the number of grains per meters squared

Barley: bushels per acre x 0.5380 = quintals per hectare 1 kilogram = 32.1507 troy ounces 1,000 cf = 1 MMBtu = 0.0001 Nat Gas NYMEX Contract Oats: bushels per acre x 0.3587 = quintals per hectare 1 tonne = 32,151 troy ounces. 10 Million cf = 10,000 MMbtu = 1 Nat Gas NYMEX Contrac BB, you know full well that by putting the header on the deck you will get a y great yield of straw, and hold the combine back by 20-25%. similarly, you could combine like Mr Harvey of Tannington, and just nip the ears off. if he were laying the straw in a swath you'd be lucky to get a Hesston to the acre. if a 10 tonne crop of wheat provided. Average yields of grain crops in England from 1250 to 1450 were 7 to 15 bushels per acre (470 to 1000 kg per ha). Poor years, however, might see yields drop to less than 4 bushels per acre. Yields in the 21st century, by contrast, can range upwards to 60 bushels per acre GardeningPlaces.com gardening begins here And his food was locusts and wild honey. (Matthew 3:4) For the Nutrition per Hectare Series of Article

As farmers keep an eye on grain markets, the term 'bushels' comes up very regularly. The phrase we associate with the US is used to describe the yield of a crop in bushels per acre or bu/ac as opposed to the metric system which uses tonnes here in the EU. Canadian farmers also use the term as they have close ties with the US Seed oats alone at 2 or more bushels per acre. As a companion crop, oats can be seeded as low as 1 ½ to 2 bushels per acre. However, research in Illinois showed an advantage to seeding late oat varieties at rates up to 5 bushels per acre, apply­ ing 100 pounds of nitrogen, and harvesting for silage in the boot stage. Good alfalfa stands wer the possible exception of oats which was seeded at 2 bushels per acre. The optimum rate of seeding oats at Wooster has been 11 pecks per acre for the past 22 years ; the average yields for this rate being 55.6 bushels per acre compared with 54.1 bushels for the 2 bushel rate. 1Zavitz, C. A., Forty Years' Experim~nts with grain crops. Ontario.

But with seeding small grains or cover crops, we talk about bushels or lbs per acre. Agronomy graduate student David Weisberger presented at the small grains short course about his research interviewing various producers from around the state. He found that seeding rates varied from 1.75-5 bu/acre among oat producers across the state • heavy steers (export)—0.8-1.2 kg per day (average 1.0 kg). Scouring Reduce scouring on oats by allowing stock access to roughage or introducing stock gradually by limiting grazing time. Ensure cattle are not hungry when going onto a new feed. Scouring is commonly seen on oats and is caused by For production on sandy soils, either use 10-12 lb. S/acre with the drill at planting or broadcast 25 lb. S/acre and incorporate before planting. CAUTION! Do not apply more than 20 lb. N per acre as urea (46-0-0) with the drill Harvesting is normally 12-14 weeks from sowing, with yields averaging 12-13 tones fresh weight per acre. Pearce Seeds offer the following arable silage mixtures but can also blend bespoke mixes for you. Common arable silage mixes include barley, triticale and oats for starch and combining, maple or forage peas, lupins and vetches for protein

Oats is a high quality forage comparable to winter wheat and can be used for pasture, hay, or silage. Spring oats can be planted in early August to mid-September, often after corn silage has been harvested if it was an early crop. The planting rate for oats is about 3 bushels per acre, and it is ideal to plant into a well prepared seedbed 1,000,000 calories per year works out to 2,740 calories per day! Very few people need that level of energy, but most get it, hence the obesity epidemic. A lot of us would do better with about 1,400 to 1,600 calories per day. So at 500,000 to 600,000 calories per year, those grains go even further. Amanda, you keep up the good work Oats are one of the main cereal forages used for silage in Northern America. In European countries, oat forage is mostly used for silage and haylage (Suttie et al., 2004). Oat yields more silage or green forage per ha than any other cereal crop, especially when fertilized with nitrogen (Hartman, 2000; Mahli et al., 1987 cited by Fraser et al. Break-even yield (grain only) 8.0 6.8 7.8 6.4 5.6 7.0 6.4 Cost per tonne @ target yields* 124 128 125 128 135 120 133 Net Price (€/Tonne) 170 170 160 160 180 155 155 AID (BPS) = NOT included 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Straw (€/ha) 243 198 300 250 250 248 216 *Crop margins are underlined for the various crop target yields Maximising forage maize yields spreads the fixed costs of growing the crop. Yield variation between varieties within the same maturity class can range between 6-8 per cent. For example, a grower looking at Table 1 who is aiming for 34.9 per cent DM at harvest, may be more inclined to choose Variety 3 rather than Variety 4 for its greater yield

Estimates of crop yields and production in 2017

Oats are especially sensitive to triazine herbicides. Seed at a rate of 2 bu./acre when planting for pasture, although under good soil conditions, 3 bu./acre may be preferable. When oats are grown for hay or silage, fertility recommendations are similar to those for grain production -- 75-125 lbs. of nitrogen /acre USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service Information. NASS publications cover a wide range of subjects, from traditional crops, such as corn and wheat, to specialties, such as mushrooms and flowers; from calves born to hogs slaughtered; from agricultural prices to land in farms. The agency has the distinction of being known as The Fact Finders of U.S. Agriculture due to the abundance of.

Record spring barley, oat and OSR yields in Scotland

Grain corn varieties form hard, starchy kernels, and yield more food per acre than any other grain. Dry ears can easily be stored whole, allowing you to harvest and grind the grain as you need it Grain yield can be estimated prior to harvest. Remember this is just an estimate as field conditions are rarely uniform. The general formula to estimate grain yield is: Wheat: Grain yield (bu/acre) = (kernels per spike x spikes per 3 ft of row) x 0.0319. Barley: Grain yield (bu/acre) = (kernels per spike x spikes per 3 ft of row) x 0.0389 Abstract. Wheat was a profitable crop in Iowa until about 1870, and averaged from 20 to 30 bushels per acre. Since then, on account of deterioration ol soils, changes of climate, rust, blight and chinch bugs, the acreage and average yield have grown less steadily Oats and peas can be planted as a nurse crop for alfalfa or other hay seedings, or grown alone. The addition of peas to oats or other small grains including barley or triticale grown for forage does not necessarily improve yield, although it can increase yields from 0-0.5 tons dry matter per acre Old fescue fields that have not been fertilized, and fields where natural fertility is low may require up to 120 lb. of P 2 O and 200 lb. of K 2 O per acre for high yields. However, a soil test is the best method of determining fertility requirements. Unlike nitrogen, P and K can be applied at any time of the year

17 February 2020. The highest wheat yield is 17.398 tonnes/ha (38356.02 lbs/ha or 258.70 bushels/acre) and was harvested from 8.6353 ha (21.33 acres) by Eric Watson at Paddock 15a, Wakanui, Canterbury, New Zealand, on 17 February 2020. The holders of this record also broke this record in 2017. All records listed on our website are current and. Straw yield is assumed as a fixed 50% of grain yield, i.e. for every tonne of wheat or barley grain harvested it is assumed that half a tonne of straw is available for baling. Potash balance. It is very useful and quite easy to keep a record of the potash balance for an arable field Yield Per Acre (Bu) 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 Wheat Corn Soybean NDSU Extension 8. N.D. Canola Yield Per Acre (Lb.) 0 500 1,000 1,500 2,000 S. Wht Durum Barley Corn Soybean Oil Snflr Conf Snflr Canola Flax Lentils Field Pea Drybeans Mustard Oats Buckwht Millet W.Wht Rye Yield 49 44 70 110 33 1570 1300 1810 22 1450 42 1760 900 79 950. Based on previous trials, we recommend seeding oats at 2-3 bushels per acre and applying 50 pounds of nitrogen at planting. With most seed oats or triple cleaned feed oats commonly used for fall forage, test weight is normally much higher than the standard 32 lbs, so a more accurate assessment for planting rate may be to seed 80-100 pounds per acre, regardless of the source

The combine should be adjusted in a manner similar to that for harvesting oats. J. Drying and Storage: Follow same practices as for winter wheat. VI. Yield Potential and Performance Results: In plot yield trials in Ohio in the early 1980s, Champ produced an average of 3,009 lb/acre and common spelt produced an average of 2,442 lb/acre (See. Oats, milling. £POA. Oats, feed. £215. Beans. £410. Prices serve as a guide only - actual prices will depend on volume, availability, quality and supply. For a list of Soil Association certified organic grain merchants, please get in touch, quoting your name and producer membership/licensee number millet for grain should yield about 50 bushels per acre or more, depending on conditions. There is an increasing demand for millet as a cereal grain for bread and flour in the northeast. However, after the grain is harvested and threshed, it must be de-hulled for human consumption. The hulls of millet seeds ar In Kentucky, rye, oats, and triticale seeded on August 3 yielded 1.3, 1.4 and 1.4 ton dry matter per acre, respectively, on Sept. 30. Wheat for forage is often planted four to six weeks earlier than wheat planted for grain production and at much greater risk of being severely damaged by the Hessian fly

Video: Spring Naked Oats Premium Crops Lt

Oat - Wikipedi

Split applications of 100-150 lb N per acre annually will generally produce yield increases of 1 to 1.5 tons per acre. Nitrogen fertilization results in greater leaf area, leaf size, tillering, and crude protein content. However, high N applications, over 200 lb per acre per year, can reduce storage of energy reserves and lower persistence Drying and/or cleaning. $3 to 5. Total variable cost per acre. $35 to 80. With contract price for buckwheat grain normally close to 10 cents per pound, yields of between 350 and 800 pounds per acre or better usually are needed to make a profit (prices may be up to 12 or 13 cents per pound when supplies are short)

When cutting, lay it in a wide swath to get maximum drying. If proper fertility is applied, triticale will yield up to 2.5 tons of DM/A (6 tons of high quality feed). Establishment. Seeding rates are 100 to 120 lbs per acre. Seed should be placed 1/2 to 3/4 inch in a firm seedbed of sulfur per acre are suggested for irrigated alfalfa. The use of 100 pounds of sulfur per acre once every three years should provide adequate amounts of this nutrient for dry-land alfalfa. Research has shown that fertilizers containing elemental sulfur are as effective for alfalfa production as those containing sulfate-sulfur BOP Mix. 40% Spring Barley. 40% Spring Peas. 20% Spring Oats. Sowing rate: 75kg per acre. 50kg per acre if undersown with grass. A traditional wholecrop mixture with Oats included. We also produce mixtures with Triticale and Vetch. ORGANIC mixtures are also available Adding Peas to your wholecrop silage can increase protein by 40 - 60%

Published by M. Shahbandeh , Mar 11, 2021. This statistic shows the U.S. states with the highest wheat yield per harvested acre in 2020. In 2020, Arizona had a wheat yield per acre of 99 bushels Compared to 5.16 metric tons per hectare in the 2018/19 crop year, the yield of oats in Chile during the 2019/20 crop year dropped by five percent, to 4.92 metric tons per hectare Many species are not winter hardy as they are spring varieties in the UK. Yield. 3 - 3.5t DM per ha. Sowing Rate Advice. 30-40kg per acre - 75kg per ha. The rates above are for a pure stand. Larger seeds like cereals require a robust sowing rate to give good ground cover. Mixture Sowing Rate Advice. 15 - 25kg per acre / 37.5 - 62.5kg per ha

CROP YIELD VERIFICATION - gardensofeden

of the 460,000 acres planted, for a total production of 28.5 mil - lion bushels of grain. An average yield of 73 bushels per acre was estimated by NASS (Table 1). The acreage not harvested for grain was primarily used for cover cropping and forage production. The NASS June estimate may however, have underestimate of the 530,000 acres planted, for a total production of 31.8 mil - lion bushels of grain. An average yield of 86 bushels per acre was estimated by NASS (Table 1). The acreage not harvested for grain was primarily used for forage production and cover cropping. The objective of the Kentucky small grain variety perfor Uses Lbs per bu - - - (seeds per lb) (x1000) Desired plant density Seeding rate per acre Seeding depth (inches) Seeding date Approximate time of first harvest Approximate annual yield [tons (T) or bushels (bu) per acre] Comments Millet, Foxtail (German) (Setaria italica) Hay, pasture 50 (213) 20 to 30 lb 1/2 to 3/4 May 1 to Aug 1 Aug 15 to Oct

With the rapid expansion of oats in the UK, there are many new growers as well as traditional growers looking to produce high yielding, high quality crops for the growing market outlets. The DEFRA census shows that the area of oats rose from 90,000 hectares at Harvest 2005 to 121,000 hectares at Harvest 2006 DEFINITION: Cereal yield, measured as kilograms per hectare of harvested land, includes wheat, rice, maize, barley, oats, rye, millet, sorghum, buckwheat, and mixed grains. Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food, feed, or silage and those used for grazing are excluded. Oats are excellent as hay, silage or for grain, as well as a nurse crop for starting new stands of grasses and legumes. For grain, sow 3 bushels per acre. Silage and hay, sow 3 bushels per acre. For cover crop purposes, sow 3 bushel per acre. Oats (spring) Seeding Rate Date: March 1 - May 1 (region specific) Rate: 90-110lbs. per acre Productivity of cereals has increased significantly over the centuries. The above chart is data from the UK in metric tonnes per hectare, which is about 892 pounds per acre. So, wheat production has increased from about 1 t/ha to about 7000 pounds per acre in modern times. Other cereal crops have similar yields

Poor weather brought reduced yields in 2020 - 63 bushels per acre. Total production was 21.4 million bushels, and cash receipts were $116.7 million. Winter wheat seeded for 2021 totaled 530,000 acres, up 20,000 acres from previous year. Wheat condition remains mostly good despite being subjected to two significant freezes University of Kentucky College of Agriculture, Food and Environment Cooperative Extension Service AGR-1 2020-2021 Lime and Nutrient Recommendations T he recommendations found in this publication are a result of a biennial review of soil fertility research and soil test data collected in Kentucky. The committee is made up of members o The truth is that 1,000 square feet - the size of an average backyard - is enough space to grow a bushel of wheat. A bushel of wheat equals 60 pounds of grain, which is enough to bake 90 loaves of bread. Even devoting a row in your vegetable garden to a grain will yield enough to make it worthwhile Congratulations to Kevin Hayden, of Carlisle County, for achieving the top yield of 324.98 bu/A in the 2020 Kentucky Corn Yield Contest with DeKalb DKC65-95RIB seed. In such a turbulent year it is a real pleasure to announce all the records that were set in the 2020 soybean production contest

In 2016 the area planted increased by 4 per cent to 3,700ha while yields fell by 6 per cent. The total pre-harvest estimate, including early varieties also decreased by 2 per cent to 131,300 tonnes. Provisional results from DEFRA show that total UK yields of barley, wheat and oats have all decreased compared with 2015 The yield of oats from a split-plot field trial conducted at Rothamsted in 1931. Varieties were applied to the main plots. Manurial (nitrogen) treatments were applied to the sub-plots. Each plot is 1/80 acre = 28.4 links * 44 links. Field width: 4 plots * 44 links = 176 links. Field length: 18 rows * 28.4 links = 511 links Total Value to the tillage farmer €775 / acre. Total costs to the livestock farmer = €680+150+115 €945. Expected Utilisable Yield of a 4 tonne grain crop 5.1 t DM / acre. Cost per tonne DM. Within a very few years, the national yield statistics indicated that the first miracle of corn grain yield improvement had occurred. The annual rate of yield improvement, which heretofore had been about zero, increased to about 0.8 bushels per acre per year from about 1937 through about 1955 (Fig. 1) Feedstocks. The material that is used in anaerobic digestion is called feedstock. What goes into a digester determines what comes out, so careful choice of feedstocks is essential. Securing a reliable feedstock supply is fundamental to profitable AD and if feedstocks are to be bought from a third party securing a long-term contract on.

The recommended seed rate for growing oats is 25 to 30 kg per acre. However, this rate may depend on variety, sowing method, and season. The best time to sow the oat seed is October to November (Indian calendar) just right before winter. The season for Growing Oats:-Mid October to the end of October is an ideal time for sowing Oat seeds USDA has estimated annual production costs and returns and published accounts for major field crop and livestock enterprises since 1975. Cost and return estimates are reported for the United States and major production regions for corn, soybeans, wheat, cotton, grain sorghum, rice, peanuts, oats, barley, milk, hogs, and cow-calf. These cost and return accounts are historical accounts based. Breakeven Yield Risk Ratio 117% 103% 112% 115% 115% 99% 107% 104% (Target Yield per Acre / BE Yield) Note: This budget is only a guide and is not intended as an in depth study of the cost of production of this industry. Interpretation and utilization of this information is the responsibility of the user Hay and straw prices. Updated weekly. These figures, from the British Hay and Straw Merchants' Association for Great Britain and its regions, show average merchant buying prices and are available on a monthly and weekly basis. Prices include big bale hay and big square baled barley and wheat straw