Urine parasite atlas

Parasites-The Gastrointestinal Atlas

parasites in animal's health. This atlas is regarded the second part concerning ruminants (goats, sheep and cows), which completes the first part concerning Urine Examination 23 1.10. Parasites A-Z Index of Parasitic Names . Links with this icon indicate that you are leaving the CDC website.. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website PARASITES. Parasites may occasionally be found in the urine, either because they are indigenous to the urinary tract or as the result of vaginal or fecal contamination. Chemical analysis does not detect parasites in urine. Microscopic evaluation of urinary sediment is important if parasitic infections are suspected Taenia solium. 12 mm in length x 5-7 mm wide. Central stem or trunk with 7-13 main lateral branches on each side. Usually on surface of fecal material. May be in short chains of 2-3 proglottids. Taenia saginata. 16-20 mm long × 5-7 mm wide. Central stem or trunk with 15-20 main lateral branches on each side

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CDC - DPDx - Parasites A-Z Inde

Web Atlas of Medical Parasitology aims to provide educational materials for medical students primarily, but professional workers in medical or paramedical fields may also refer to this site covering the significant parasites in the world. Each database of protozoans, nematodes, trematodes, cestodes and arthropods contains information on the. Fecal Examination for Parasites Today's schedule -Sessions 1 & 2 1st part discussing fecal exam & microscopes 2nd part Lab -three areas Set-up your samples Demonstration fecals Last 15 minutes clean-up and last minute questions; done by 11:1


[Haematology] Microscopic Examination of Urinary Sediment

  1. s can turn urine bright yellow), or the result of eating certain foods
  2. The presence of RBC in the urine is called Hematuria. RBCs are seen as biconcave, non-nucleated disc measuring 7 µm in diameter. Urine normal RBCs x 400. The presence of RBC is an indicator of renal disease. These are reported in a routine as the average number seen in 10 HPF (x400). RBCs swell and lyse rapidly in the diluted urine, releasing.
  3. ation of urine is also called as the liquid biopsy of the urinary tract. Urine consists of various microscopic, insoluble, solid elements in suspension. These elements are classified as organized or unorganized. Organized substances include red blood cells, white blood cells, epithelial cells, casts, bacteria, and parasites

The dark pink specks in this microscopic image of blood are hemoprotozoan parasites called Babesia. This is a tick-borne illness seen in the Midwest and the Northeast. The symptoms are a bit like. Over 70 different species of parasites, belonging to two major groups (Protozoa and Helminths), can be found in various parts of the human body. Parasitosis may result from exposure via one or more of the following sources: 1) contaminated soil or water; 2) food containing the immature infective stage of the parasite; 3) a blood suckin Microscopic urine analysis, microscopic examination of urine. What is this test? This test looks at a sample of your urine under a microscope. It can see cells from your urinary tract, blood cells, crystals, bacteria, parasites, and cells from tumors Parasites; Parasitology examination CPT 87177 Codes: -Ova and parasites, direct smears, concentration and identification 87209 - Smear, primary source with interpretation; complex special stain for ova and parasites Test Includes: Examination of stool for intestinal parasites by direct/concentrated microscopic exam and trichrome stain A urine analysis may be recommended for your dog or cat if they're unwell, or even as part of a general health check. It gives information about the health of the kidneys and urinary tract, as well as certain hormonal conditions. Skin and ear tests. Skin and ear problems are one of the most common health complaints we see at Atlas Pet Clinic

CDC - DPDx - Diagnostic Procedures - Stool Specimen

Red Blood Cells. Urine sediment normally contains fewer than 2-3 RBCs/HPF. RBCs are small cells that may have several different appearances, depending on the urine concentration (e.g., specific gravity) and the length of time between collection and examination (Figures 23-4 to 23-9).In fresh samples that have intermediate specific gravities, RBCs usually have smooth edges and are yellow to orange 1 / 1. Toxoplasma gondii, the parasite responsible for the disease toxoplasmosis, has been seen to alter behavior and cognition in some infected subjets. plos.org. Toxoplasmosis is a disease.

[Microbiology] Atlas of Fecal Analysis Free Medical Atla

Microscopic Examination of Urine - MedicoInf

  1. 42 43 Pfz Parasite Atlas FNL.qxd 5/28/04 11:36 AM Page 44 PARASITES FOUND IN URINE PSEUDOPARASITES Pearsonema (Capillaria) feliscati UNDER THE MICROSCOPE UNDER THE MICROSCOPE Surface of egg of Pearsonema (Capillaria) feliscati Hair, air bubble, and flea egg— Egg of Pearsonema (Capillaria) feliscati fecal pseudoparasites Soil fungus—Common.
  2. ation of urine, with an atlas of urinary deposits by Scott, Lindley. Publication date 1900 Topics Urine Publisher Philadelphia, Blakiston Collection cornell; americana Digitizing sponsor MSN Contributor Cornell University Library Contributor usage rights See terms Languag
  3. ation
  4. Cystine crystals in urine (cystinuria) are significant. Cystine constitutes 1-2% of all urinary tract stones and 6-8% of those in children. Cystinuria is an autosomal recessive genetic disorder, occurring in 1 in 7000 people. Cystine is not reabsorbed by the kidneys, resulting in high levels in the urine and subsequent stone formation

Modern Urine Chemistry Series - Siemens Healthineer

Pfizer Atlas of Veterinary Clinical Parasitology VetBook

Here are 10 infectious diseases that are spread through water: 1. Salmonellosis. This is a common bacterial disease often caused by drinking water contaminated with bacteria of the Salmonella type. It can also occur by consuming undercooked meat, egg products and produce infected with the bacteria In acidic pH *inorganic salts ppts in neutral & alkaline sol'n *except: CaOx ppts in acidic & neutral urine Normal Crystal Seen in Acidic Urine Crystal Color & Shape Solubility Appearnce Uric Acid Yellow-brown Alkali (rhombic/4- Soluble sided/rosette) Amorphous Brick dust or Alkali and urates yellow brown heat granules Calcium Colorless.

Infective spores are shed in the rabbit's urine and transmission typically occurs following the ingestion of contaminated food and water. Following ingestion, the parasite is carried to a range of organs by the white blood cells. Organs, including the kidneys, liver, central nervous system, lungs and heart are all targeted Helminth infections are parasitic worms found in the intestinal tract, urinary tract or blood of humans. The helminth species that cause the greatest human morbidity are the schistosomes, intestinal nematodes (or commonly called soil-transmitted helminths, STH), and tissue nematodes, including human filariae that cause lymphatic filariasis and onchocerciasis []

Urine has several solid microscopic elements, insoluble in suspension. These elements include red blood cells, white blood cells, epithelial cells, crystals, bacteria and parasites. When at rest, or after centrifugation, these elements settle and settle at the bottom of the container The relationship between kidney disease and parasites dates back to ancient times. The Ebers papyrus (1550 BCE) contained the description of a bloody urine disease caused by a worm that would later be identified as schistosomiasis. Surprisingly, the papyrus also contained recommendations regarding prophylaxis and treatment of this ailment

Pfizer Atlas of Veterinary Clinical Parasitology PDF Vet

Free Online Atlas of Human Parasitolog

Medical Parasitology:- Is the study of parasites that causes disease in man. Parasite:-is an organism living temporarily or permanently in or on another organism (host) from which is physically or physiologically dependant upon other. Nature of Parasites-A parasite could be unicellular, worm or an arthropode. Features of Parasites 1 Parasites are organisms that live in and feed off a living host. There are a variety of parasitic worms that can take up residence in humans. Among them are flatworms, thorny-headed worms, and. SUMMARY This Practical Guidance for Clinical Microbiology document on the laboratory diagnosis of parasites from the gastrointestinal tract provides practical information for the recovery and identification of relevant human parasites. The document is based on a comprehensive literature review and expert consensus on relevant diagnostic methods. However, it does not include didactic.

Urinalysis - Understand the Test & Your Result

Urinalysis is an essential component of clinical pathologic testing. It is very difficult to interpret changes in a chemistry panel (urea nitrogen and creatinine in particular) in the absence of urine, since the kidney and its ability to produce urine can dramatically affect chemistry results The urinary form of the disease is characterized by the presence of blood in the urine, which can lead to bladder cancer or kidney problems. The disease is diagnosed by analysis of a stool or urine sample to see if the parasite is present. combining the contents of an encyclopedia, a dictionary, an atlas and several almanacs loaded with. PROCEDURE: A strip is dipped in to a urine sample, then using the provided colour chart, the results are matched to ascertain concertation levels of substances within the urine. Test result may provide information regarding the status of carbohydrate metabolism, kidney and liver function, acid-base balance, and urinary tract infection URINE AND STOOL SPECIMEN COLLECTION, INCLUDING PATIENT INSTRUCTIONS. Color Atlas and Textbook of Diagnostic Microbiology, 3 rd ed., JP barium) should be avoided prior to collection of the fecal specimen for parasite analysis. You have been asked to collect a stool sample for laboratory analysis. The collection set may contain 1, 2, or 3.

These parasites cause ulceration, diarrhea, and bleeding of the intestinal tract. Neurological anomaly including epilepsy can occur when the eggs of Schistosoma species are occasionally deposited in the CNS.Adult worms of Schistosoma species are known to live in the lumen of veins (including those of the urinary and intestinal tracts) where they cause inflammation, ulceration and bleeding in. ASSOCIATION BETWEEN PARASITE AND HOST A parasite is a living organism, which takes its nourishment and other needs from a host; the host is an organism which supports the parasite. The parasites included in medical parasitology are protozoa, helminthes, and some arthropods. (See box 1 for broader classification of parasites) This course covers the basics of urine microscopic examination, including numerous brightfield and phase-contrast images of urinary sediment elements. It is assumed that students have a basic knowledge of urinalysis macroscopic and dipstick examination. The course covers specimen collections and processing, casts, cellular elements, normal and.

Microscopic Urine Slides - Medical Science Mlt 110 with

The observation of microorganisms in urine sediment is an additional hallmark of UTI, and one that is is useful to determine the causative pathogen. Bacteria found in urine can be rod-shaped (bacilli) or rounded (cocci). As urine is normally sterile, the presence of bacteria indicates either a UTI or contaminated sample Apply vigorous towel drying after accidental, very brief water exposure to prevent penetration of skin by parasite; note: has limited effectiveness Case reports Child from Sub-Saharan Africa with many ovoid, elongate, lemon-shaped objects seen in centrifuged urine specimen ( Pritt: Creepy Dreadful Wonderful Parasites Blog - Case of the Week 511.

Fecal parasites. Fecal material, including eggs of intestinal parasites, can contaminate voided urine samples. For example, the images on the right show a urine sediment of a cat stained with Sedi-stain. In the upper panel is a low magnification view showing a packet of eggs Urine has crystals if you notice the following symptoms: 1. Cloudy and foul-smelling urine 2. Presence of blood in the urine leading to changes in urine color - brownish, pinkish, to reddish 3. Nausea and vomiting 4. Urgency to urinate and painful urination 5. Flank pai The disease is caused primarily by parasite eggs, which are deposited by adult worms in the blood vessels surrounding the bladder or intestines. The classical sign of urogenital schistosomiasis is haematuria (blood in urine) Parasite Stain: Room Temperature (15-25 °C) 1. Stool sample should be collected in a clean, wide-mouth container, bedpan or on a clean newspaper or plastic bag placed over the toilet seat opening. Do not pass the specimen directly into the toilet or directly into the collection vial. Do not mix urine or water with the specimen. 2. Open the.

Urine Microscopic Examination, and Interpretations

  1. Urine is usually supersaturated in calcium oxalate, often in calcium phosphate, and acid urine is often saturated in uric acid. Yet crystalluria is uncommon (in warm, fresh urine) because of the normal presence of crystal inhibitors, the lack of available nidus, and the time factor. When properly observed in fresh urine, crystals may provide a.
  2. ation prefer to be done without saline. The mucus is put on the slide and covered with cover slip. 3. exa
  3. Urine cytology 1. URINE CYTOLOGY 2. Introduction:Introduction: Simple, safe, and inexpensive method that may uncoverSimple, safe, and inexpensive method that may uncover a hidden urothelial cancer.a hidden urothelial cancer. Primarily used for diagnosis of symptomatic patients.Primarily used for diagnosis of symptomatic patients. Detection of cancer in high-risk patientsDetection of cancer in.
  4. Cellular constituents that may be present in urine include leukocytes, erythrocytes, epithelial cells and sperm. Please also refer to the compilation table of cells that may be seen in the urine and the urinalysis atlas
  5. o acids, Na +, K +, Ca ++. Diffusion of low threshold substances Urea uric acid creatinine SO 4. PO 4. Secretion ammonia and creatinine INDICATIONS OF URINE EXAMINATION Routine investigation.

Urine collection for culture. Collect Mid-Stream Urine (MSU). Clean the genitals before collection, following these steps to get the sample: Initial or the first few drops of the urine should be discarded in the toilet. MSU sample should be collected in the sterile container provided. End of the urine should not be collected Examination of urinary sediment is the most widely used method to diagnose this condition, which causes recurrent bouts of macroscopic hematuria and obstructive uropathy and favors both bladder cancer and glomerulonephritis. The diagnosis is based on finding parasite eggs, with their typical terminal spikes (Fig 32 online)

Cytoplasmic vacuolation of urothelial cells is regarded as a nonspecific lesion that may occur secondary to cell injury by a variety of bladder toxicants or carcinogens. It may or may not be related to degeneration. Vacuolation is usually noted in umbrella cells or more superficial urothelial cells ( Figure 1. ) Urine, produced by the kidneys, contains filtered water, electrolytes and cells, amongst other things. Testing urine allows your provider to see how your kidneys and urinary system are functioning. the significant parasites in the world. atlas Atlas Parasitologi Kedokteran ini diharapkan bermanfaat bukan hanya bagi mahasiswa kedokteran yang sedang mempelajari parasitologi, melainkan juga bagi praktisi medis, petugas kesehatan yang Page 5/17. Acces PDF Atlas Parasitolog

Capillaria plica is a helminth parasite of the canine urinary bladder. C. felis-cati is the feline counterpart. The ova are similar to those of Trichuris spp. in that they are oval in shape and have bipolar plugs (see picture). Since fecal contamination of the urine could result in the presence of whipworm eggs, the two must be differentiated Schistosomiasis better knows as Bilharzia or Snail Fever is a flat worm parasite. This disease is spreading in first world countries as an STD. Bladder pain and frequent urination are the two first indications of S. haematobium. Schistosomiasis photos of worms under the microscope. We are researching how schistosomiasis is a cause of IC (interstitial cystitis)

Microscopic Examination of Urine - BIOSCIENC

IDEXX Urine Sediment Guide Cells Figure 1 Erythrocytes and one squamous epithelial cell Figure 2 Erythrocytes and two leukocytes (black arrows) Figure 3 Numerous leukocytes and few rod-shaped bacteria Figure 4 Many rod-shaped bacteria,100x objectiv The parasites finally arrive to the lung in which they become adult worms approximately 8-10 weeks after metacercarial infection. They liberate eggs in sputum and stool. The worms are thought to thrive approximately 5 years in men. Main habitat of the parasite in the definitive hosts is the bronchiolar lumen and peribronchial tissues Pfizer Parasite Atlas - Free download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. Parasite atlas Examination University of Babylon. The Urine Microscopic Microscopic Analysis of Urine. v05 Parasitology Manual Table of Contents LABORATORY. Stool Sample Culture Test WebMD. Stool Routine Examination howMed. Stool Ova and Parasites Exam Healthline. Haematology Microscopic Examination of Urinary Sediment. Procedure for Stool Routine amp Microscopy

In the urinalysis microscopic exam one looks for formed cellular elements, casts, bacteria, yeast, parasites and crystals in centrifuged urine sediment. PROCEDURE Centrifuge 5.0 mL of a mixed, freshly voided or catheterized urine in a conical centrifuge tube for 5 minutes at high speed. Remove 4.9 mL (or 90% of whatever volume was centriguged. The atlas covers an area of approximately 70,000 km2, located mostly in the at-risk areas in the north of the country. In the tsetse component, a total of 33,872 entomological records were assembled for 4894 distinct trap locations. For the AAT component, 82,051 samples (mainly dry blood smears from clinically suspicious animals) were collected. In most people, paragonimiasis can be cured with oral anti-parasite medications. Both praziquantel and triclabendazole are approved for treatment. Praziquantel is taken three times daily for two. Female genital schistosomiasis. Female Genital Schistosomiasis (FGS) is a disease manifestation of schistosomiasis caused by the Schistosoma haematobium, a waterborne parasite that affects both the urinary and genital tract of infected individuals.It has been described as one of the most neglected sexual and reproductive health diseases in sub-Saharan Africa, affecting an estimated 56 million.

Images: Human Parasites Under the Microscope Live Scienc

This full-color atlas is intended as a visual reference to supplement laboratory manuals or instructor-authored exercises for introductory microbiology laboratory courses. The atlas can be used alone but also has been designed to be used in conjunction with Exercises for the Microbiology Laboratory, 5e, by Leboffe & Pierce, with images keyed to. Microscopic Analysis of Urine. Physical amp Chemical Examination Aarogya. Microscopy Wikipedia. Haematology Microscopic Examination of Urinary Sediment. Atlante dei protozoi intestinali umani atlas protozoa com. Stool Examination Routine Stool Re Dr Lal PathLabs. v05 Parasitology Manual Table of Contents LABORATORY. Stool Sample Culture Test WebMD

atlas of urinarysediments; withspecialreferexce totheirclinicalsignificance. bydr.hermannrieder, oftheuniversityofmunich. translated byfrederickcravenmoore,m.sc,m.d. There are crystals (arrows) within tubule lumens. Kidney, Renal tubule - Crystals in a male rat from an acute study. Crystal deposition with secondary inflammation is present in the renal papilla. Kidney, Renal tubule - Crystals in a female F344/N rat from a chronic study No part of the digital pathology atlas (including but not limited to the images, cases, text, annotations) may be reproduced by any means (including but not limited to on other Web sites, in other products, or downloaded in bulk or otherwise), stored in a retrieval system or transmitted, in any form or media or by any means (including but not. Orthopaedic DePuy Synthes Power Tools. Personal Protective Equipment. Reproductio The Atlas is not intended to be an exhaustive review of anatomy, pathology, or medicine. For more information, consult the Bibliography, refer to prescribing information on specific drugs, or call Hill's Veterinary Consultation Service at 1-800-548-VETS (8387) or e-mail vet_consult@HillsPet.com. The Atlas contains illustrations of the most com

Urine sediments

Microscopic Urinalysis - Health Encyclopedia - University

The most frequently seen parasite in urine is _____ trichomonas vaginalis. Artifacts such as _____may appear in urine as a result of contamination Powder Oil. Many labs do report these crystals refer to _____ to identify crystals. Urine color atlas. Some crystals need to be noted bc they indicate. disease states are uric acid, cystine, and. To download pdf of the full Hill's Atlas of Veterinary Clinical Anatomy click here. Cardiovascular and Lymphatic System. Canine Dilated Cardiomyopathy. Canine Lymphosarcoma. Chronic Valvular Disease. Feline Dilated Cardiomyopathy. Feline Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy. Feline Lymphosarcoma. Heartworm Disease They fight parasites by releasing the toxic chemical mediators, including eosinophil peroxidase, lipase, major basic protein, RNase and DNase, contained in their granules. In the Blood Atlas we have 106 eosinophil enriched genes and 26 of these genes has the highest expression in blood or lymphoid tissues when comparing all tissues and organs.

Medical Laboratory and Biomedical Science: Urinary casts

An ova and parasite (O&P) exam is a test in which a laboratory professional uses a microscope to examine a stool sample and look for parasites. A variety of parasites can cause infections of the digestive system (gastrointestinal (GI) infections). When you have a parasite infecting your lower digestive tract, causing symptoms such as diarrhea. Types of Crystals in Urine. Uric acid crystals invariably form in acidic urine, typically with a urine pH < 5.5. Uric acid is soluble in alkaline urine, preventing the precipitation of urate crystals. The inability of uric acid to crystallize at urine pH > 7.0 is the rationale for urinary alkalinization in patients at risk for acute uric acid. TYPES OF PARASITES OBLIGATE PARASITES Parasite that cannot survive outside a host Cannot complete its life-cycle without exploiting suitable host FACULTATIVE PARASITES Parasite that is capable to survive as a free living organisms Parasitic when enter the living host ECTOPARASITES Inhabits the body surface only Do not penetrate the tissue ENDOPARASITES Live within the body hos The most common causes of mucus threads are urinary tract infection and sexually transmitted diseases. Also, mucus threads may be caused by kidney stone, irritable bowel syndrome or ulcerative colitis. In most serious cases mucus threads are the symptom of bladder cancer, but this disease is not very common The team has created the first mosquito immune cell atlas, to shed light on how mosquito immune systems fight infections. Mosquitos appear to have a sweet spot of immunity to parasites like.

A Modern-Day Urine Wheel..... 15 The Gordon Medical Museum at Guy's Hospital..... 28 istor section editor Meryl Haber Urinalysis in Health and Disease Basic Parasites and other Organisms Contaminating Urine..... 354 Contaminating Parasites..... 355 Enterovesical Fistula. The mainstay of malaria diagnosis has been the microscopic examination of blood, utilizing blood films. Although blood is the sample most frequently used to make a diagnosis, both saliva and urine have been investigated as alternative, less invasive specimens. More recently, modern techniques utilizing antigen tests or polymerase chain reaction have been discovered, though these are not widely.

Atlas Pet Clinic Clermont Veterinarian Diagnostics

The purpose of this study is to describe the epidemiological profile and evolution of urinary schistosomiasis in Morocco, from the first confirmed case in 1960 until disease elimination, and control snails. During this period, 129,526 cases were recorded in Morocco. A majority of cases were reported in Agadir province (25%), Errachidia (18%), and Beni Mellal (13%) Urine pH is typically acidic in dogs and cats and alkaline in horses and ruminants, but varies depending on diet, medications, or presence of disease. Reagent strip colorimetric test pads for pH determination are accurate to within ~0.5 pH units. For example, a reading of 6.5 means the actual pH is likely to be between 6.0 and 7.0 Parasites - There are two nematodes that occur as parasites of the urinary system in small animals, Dioctophyma renale and Capillaria plica. Both are of rare incidence. Both are of rare incidence. There are two nematodes that occur as parasites of the urinary system in small animals, Dioctophyma renale and Capillaria plica His research focuses on the basic biology parasitic flatworms called schistosomes. These parasites infect more than 200 million of the world's poorest people, causing morbidity that rivals global killers including Malaria and TB. Despite their devastating global impact, only a single drug is available to treat schistosome infection

Examination of the Urinary Sediment Veterian Ke

Regarding one impressive urinary finding, I had the chance to identify Trypanosoma cruzi trypomastigotes (a parasite from the blood and tissues) in the urine sediment of a kidney allograft recipient. I made photos and videos of the parasite in the urine sediment and the case report was published in Kidney International US risk groups. Intravenous drug abusers. Immigrants from high-risk areas. Often associated with coinfection with HTLV-II or HIV. Endemic in certain parts of the southeastern US (Native Amerindian population) Myelopathy in 1% of patients with infection. Most infected patients are asymptomatic. Transmission Download book Color Atlas Of Biochemistry pdf - Noor Library. Color Atlas Of Biochemistry. What a useful library we hope to continue. Support us by making a small donation. Donate to Noor Library. The book is being prepared. I do not want to wait ! Close. Post a review on Color Atlas Of Biochemistry The URINE SEDIMENT ANALYSIS. Saved by Carla Sears. 66. Medical Laboratory Scientist Medical Science Medical Technology Technology News Medical Coding Technology Articles Medizinisches Labor Medical Lab Technician Vet Tech Student

Medical Laboratory and Biomedical Science: TrichomonasStruvite crystals from a cats urine sample | MedicEnterobius vermicularis (Human pinworm)

Jan 12, 2021 - Glomerular disease Diseases of the glomerulus can present as one of five clinical syndromes: chronic glomerulonephritis, nephrotic syndrome, acute glomerulonephritis, rapidly progressive glomerulonephri-tis, or asymptomatic hematuria or proteinuria [see Figure 1]. The clinical characteristics and the urinalysis results are useful [ Performed using a urine color atlas. Best describes characteristics of yeast cells of microscopic examination. Urine specimen is usually requested when quantitive tests are needed for different substances. Most frequently seen parasite in the urine? Tricomonas A 6-year-old male developed an upper respiratory tract infection followed by facial edema with dark-colored urine after 2 weeks. Upon examination, his blood pressure was at 120/80 mmHg. There were hyperpigmented lesions noted on the lower extremities were probably due to previous active skin infection. Urinalysis reveals too numerous to count RBCs/hpf, 8-10 WBCs/hpf an Each atlas contains a comprehensive collection of clinically relevant images in a click-art format. Images are high quality for viewing and printing purposes, and appropriately sized for easy use in most software programs. Each atlas of images will eliminate the need to scan pictures and slides or search the internet for teaching materials Urine and other body fluids Course Title: Urinalysis and Body fluids Course Code: MeLS 3143 Credit Hours: 4 Lecture: 2 hours per week Laboratory: 3 hours per week Prerequisite: None Instructor: Course objectives: At the end of the course students will be able to: describe the urinary system and briefly state their function describe the formation and composition of urine describe the different.